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HMRC’s Annual Tax Summary

03/12/2020

The Annual Tax Summary is a document provided by HMRC that provides details on the tax you pay and how this is used by government. The Annual Tax Summary shows: your taxable income from all sources that HMRC knew about at the time that it was prepared the rates used to calculate your Income Tax and National Insurance contributions a

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Pay January tax by instalments

03/12/2020

The deadline for submitting your 2019-20 Self-Assessment tax returns online is 31 January 2021. You should also be aware that payment of any tax due should also be made by this date. This includes the payment of any balance of Self-Assessment liability for the 2019-20 plus the first payment on account due for the current 2020-21 tax year.

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Confirmation of Minimum Wage increases 2021

03/12/2020

The Chancellor used the recent Spending Review to confirm that increased National Minimum Wage and National Living Wage rates will come into effect on 1 April 2021. From 1 April 2021, the National Living Wage will increase by 19p to £8.91. This represents an increase of 2.2%. The National Living Wage currently applies to those aged

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EU exit - did you read this letter?

03/12/2020

The Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Alok Sharma has written a letter to businesses in the professional services sector. The letter (available in English and Welsh) provides tailored advice on what key actions businesses must take after the transition period ends on 31 December 2020. The UK government

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Deadlines for paying deferred VAT

03/12/2020

The coronavirus VAT payment holiday gave businesses the chance to defer the payment of any VAT liabilities between 20 March 2020 and 30 June 2020. The option for businesses to defer their VAT payments ended on 30 June 2020. There are two options available for repaying this VAT. The first option is to pay the deferred VAT in full on or

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New advisory fuel rates published

03/12/2020

Advisory fuel rates are intended to reflect actual average fuel costs and are updated quarterly. The rates can be used by employers who reimburse employees for business travel in their company cars or where employees are required to repay the cost of fuel used for private travel. HMRC accepts there is no taxable profit and no Class 1A

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Treasury directive re third SEISS grant

03/12/2020

HM Treasury has published a further Treasury Direction made under the Coronavirus Act 2020, ss. 71 and 76, which modifies and extends the effect of the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS).The Direction mainly deals with the expansion of the SEISS from 1 November 2020 to 29 January 2021, officially referred to as the SEISS Grant

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Accounting and Reporting standards from 1 January 2021

03/12/2020

The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) and the Financial Reporting Council (FRC) have jointly published a letter to the accounting and audit sectors setting out the UK’s legal framework for accounting and corporate reporting at the end of the transition period on 31 December 2020. The information in the

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Recent case re late filing appeal

03/12/2020

The First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has dismissed a taxpayer’s appeal for having a reasonable excuse. The taxpayer applied out of time for permission to appeal against penalties imposed by HMRC. The appeal was in relation to late payment penalties imposed on the taxpayer for failing to submit annual Self-Assessment returns on time for the

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Supply chains, a predictive approach for 2021

02/12/2020

One of the more positive aspects – perhaps the only positive aspect - of COVID disruption has been the movement away from fixed systems to more flexible systems to cope with the changing demands of lock-down. Who would have predicted a year ago that many of us would grow accustomed to working from home plus having to deal with

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Coping with the new EU reality

02/12/2020

It is apparent that our final exit from the EU, 1 January 2021, will disrupt the movement of goods, back and forth, while transport links and customs authorities adjust to the new reality. Hopefully, readers that are directly affected – with customers or suppliers in the EU – will already be aware of the customs red tape that

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Spending Review 2021/22

26/11/2020

The Chancellor, Rishi Sunak delivered the government's spending plans for the coming year to Parliament on 25 November 2020. The Spending Review usually covers 3 to 4 years but given the many unknowns as a result of the pandemic the review will only cover the period from April 2021 to April 2022. The Chancellor said his immediate

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Tax Diary December 2020/January 2021

26/11/2020

1 December 2020 - Due date for Corporation Tax payable for the year ended 28 February 2020. 19 December 2020 - PAYE and NIC deductions due for month ended 5 December 2020. (If you pay your tax electronically the due date is 22 December 2020) 19 December 2020 - Filing deadline for the CIS300 monthly return for the month ended 5 December

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Reasonable excuses for making a late furlough claim

26/11/2020

HMRC’s guidance on making claims through the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme was updated on 19 November 2020. The updated guidance now includes various examples of what is meant by a ‘reasonable excuse’ for employers that submit furlough claims after the stated deadline. Claims for the periods from 1 July 2020 to 31

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Beware tax deadline scammers

26/11/2020

Fraudsters are continuing to target taxpayers with scam emails in advance of the 31 January deadline for submission of Self-Assessment returns. In fact, over the last year, HMRC received more than 846,000 reports about suspicious HMRC contact. A number of these scams purport to tell taxpayers they are due a tax rebate or tax refund

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Register for Northern Ireland Trader Support Service

26/11/2020

The Northern Ireland Trader Support Service was launched on 28 September 2020 to support businesses moving goods under the Northern Ireland Protocol from 1 January 2021 after the Brexit transition period comes to an end. There will be changes in moving goods between Great Britain and Northern Ireland whether or not a Free Trade Deal is

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MTD for Corporation Tax consultation

26/11/2020

HMRC has issued a new consultation to examine how the principles established for Making Tax Digital (MTD) could be implemented for those entities within the charge to Corporation Tax. The consultation is open for comment until 5 March 2021. The regime MTD started in April 2019 for VAT purposes only. MTD for Income Tax is expected to be

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Proposed changes to CIS abuse rules

26/11/2020

The Construction Industry Scheme (CIS) is a set of special rules for tax and National Insurance for those working in the construction industry. It was announced at Spring Budget 2020 that a consultation on measures to tackle abuse of the CIS would be launched. Following the consultation and further meetings with those working in the

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Deciding length of CJRS claim period

26/11/2020

The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) commonly known as the furlough scheme was due to come to an end on 31 October 2020 but has now been extended until 31 March 2021. Effective from 1 November 2020, employees will receive up to 80% of their salary for hours not worked. There will be a review date of the CJRS in January 2021, which

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Why compound interest is important

25/11/2020

Many of us are building a pension fund, a portfolio of shares or deposits with our bank or building society. Most of these investment options reward us for our participation by offering income (usually in the form of interest or dividends) or by demonstrating capital growth (share prices increasing). Accordingly, there are three

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Email to replace Companies House postal reminders

19/11/2020

Companies House has issued a press release to remind all companies to sign up for email reminders for annual accounts and confirmation statement. Companies House has now stopped sending reminders by post and has sent a final reminder letter to all companies currently receiving paper reminders. The letter explains why Companies House has

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Claiming the Self-Employed Income Support for first time?

19/11/2020

The Government has confirmed that the Self-Employed Income Support Scheme (SEISS) grant extension will apply for 6 months from 1 November 2020. It will be possible to claim the SEISS grant extension even if no previous claim had been made under the scheme once the eligibility criteria are met. The self-employed will receive 80% of

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Bounce Back loans still available

19/11/2020

The Bounce Back Loans scheme was launched in May 2020 to provide financial support to businesses across the UK that are losing revenue and seeing their cashflow disrupted as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The scheme allows small businesses to borrow between £2,000 and £50,000 and access the cash in most cases within 24

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£1 million Annual Investment Allowance extended

19/11/2020

In a welcome move, the government has announced that the temporary Annual Investment Allowance (AIA) cap will be extended for a further 12 months until 1 January 2022. The government says that this move is intended to boost confidence as companies look to weather the pandemic and plan for the future. This should also encourage investment

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Benefit conditions – annual parties and events

19/11/2020

Now is usually the time that businesses are planning Christmas parties for staff as well as possibly for partners/spouses, clients and prospective clients. Of course, with the continued pandemic and various lockdowns Christmas is looking pretty much cancelled this year. However, we have set out the benefit conditions for annual parties

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Benefit conditions – Trivial benefits

19/11/2020

The trivial benefits in kind (BiK) exemption applies to small non-cash benefits like a bottle of wine or a bouquet of flowers given to employees or any other benefit in kind classed as 'trivial' that falls within the exemption. Although the benefit is defined as ‘trivial’, employers should remember that this offers a

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Businesses within the scope of VAT in the UK

19/11/2020

The VAT system is policed by HMRC who can and do levy penalties for breaches of the legislation. There are four conditions that must be satisfied in order for an activity to be within the scope of UK VAT. These conditions are that the activity: Is a supply of goods or services That the supply takes place in the UK Is made by a

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HM Treasury instructions re CJRS

19/11/2020

An updated Treasury Direction under sections 71 and 76 of the Coronavirus Act 2020 concerning the extended Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) was published on 12 November 2020. The CJRS was due to come to an end on 31 October 2020 but has now been extended until 31 March 2021. Effective 1 November 2020, employees will receive up to

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Scottish Budget 2021

19/11/2020

Scotland’s Finance Secretary, Kate Forbes, has announced that the Scottish Government’s Budget will be published for 2021-22 on 28 January 2021. The date has been selected in order to allow the Scottish Government time to prepare for the new tax year. This is the second time that Scotland has held a Budget before the rest of

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Do you need a customs agent?

18/11/2020

If your business acquires goods or sells goods to the EU, and you have no import/export trade with non-EU countries you probably have no experience of dealing with the raft of red tape involved in clearing goods through customs and settling any duties or VAT payable. Affected businesses will need to abide by the new regulatory situation

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Those who shout loudest

18/11/2020

Many of the business disruption grants that have become available in the last few weeks are being distributed by local authorities. They include support for: Businesses obliged to close due to local or national lockdown and Businesses that have been severely affected by local or national restrictions but are still trading. Central

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Coding out debts deadline

12/11/2020

The coding threshold entitles tax payers to have tax underpayments collected via a tax code, provided they are in employment or in receipt of a UK-based pension. The coding applies to certain debts such as Self-Assessment liabilities, tax credit overpayments and outstanding Class 2 NIC contributions. Instead of paying off debts in a lump

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Protection for landlords and tenants

12/11/2020

The government guidance for landlords and tenants as a result of the coronavirus pandemic has been updated. The Coronavirus Act 2020 provides protection to social and private tenants by delaying when landlords can start proceedings to evict tenants. To give tenants greater protection from eviction, landlords are required to provide

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Further support for mortgage borrowers

12/11/2020

The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) has announced new proposals to ensure that lenders provide tailored support to mortgage borrowers who continue to face payment difficulties due to the COVID-19 crisis. This follows the additional government measures announced over recent weeks to control the spread of coronavirus. Payment holidays to

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Holiday entitlements if furloughed

12/11/2020

The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) commonly known as the furlough scheme is open to all UK employers and will now run until 31 March 2021. From 1 November 2020, employees will receive up to 80% of their salary for hours not worked with a review date in January. One common question concerns holiday pay entitlement if furloughed.

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Business Asset Disposal Relief

12/11/2020

Business Asset Disposal Relief used to be known as Entrepreneurs’ Relief before 6 April 2020. The relief was renamed in Finance Act 2020. The name change does not affect the operation of the relief. Business Asset Disposal Relief applies to the sale of a business, shares in a trading company or an individual’s interest in a

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VAT – transfer of business as going concern

12/11/2020

The transfer of a business as a going concern (TOGC) rules concern the VAT liability on the sale of a business. Normally the sale of the assets of a VAT registered or VAT registerable business will be subject to VAT at the appropriate rate. Where the sale of a business includes assets and meets certain conditions the sale will be

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Company trading losses

12/11/2020

Corporation Tax relief may be available where a company or organisation makes a trading loss. The loss may be used to claim relief from Corporation Tax by offsetting the loss against other gains or profits of the business in the same or previous accounting period. The loss can also be set against future qualifying trading income. Any

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New Furlough Scheme guidance published

11/11/2020

The detailed Furlough Scheme rules were updated 10 November 2020. To use the extended scheme – to 31 March 2021 – the steps that are required are: Check if you can claim Check which employees you can put on furlough Steps to take before calculating your claim Calculate how much you should claim Claim for your

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Barter your way through COVID disruption

10/11/2020

While we wait for the magic-bullets that promise to reduce the impact of COVID – vaccines etc – should we be exploring ways to exchange goods and services with our suppliers and customers? Barter is defined as: the exchange of goods and services without using money. Perhaps a decorator could repaint the outside of a local

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Getting the most out of digital data

10/11/2020

One of the great benefits of data stored in an electronic format is that it can be sorted in an endless array of reports. This offers business owners who have invested in accounts software a range of options. Once you have input basic accounts information, transactions, from your: Bank Payroll Suppliers, and Customers you can use

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Uncertainty

06/11/2020

While politicians and scientists try and figure out the best way to control COVID, we are left to pick up the pieces and try and salvage what we can of our businesses. Our economy is built on various, level playing field assumptions: Same legal requirements, Same opportunities to trade, Access to our customers COVID uncertainty

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Online sales platform

06/11/2020

If you sell goods or material that can be sold from the internet, have you considered this form of sales platform for your business? Providing access for your goods on the internet is a sensible strategy. If we have learnt anything from COVID it is the limitations on trade when social distancing – lockdown – is applied to

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Less than 100 days to file your tax return

05/11/2020

HMRC has published a news release to remind taxpayers that there is now less than 100 days to file their 2019-20, Self-Assessment tax return. Last year over 11 million taxpayers were required to complete a tax return, but over 958,000 taxpayers missed the deadline. If you are filing online for the first time you should ensure you register

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Taxable business gains

05/11/2020

If you are in business as a self-employed sole trader or as part of a partnership, there may be occasions when you are required to pay Capital Gains Tax (CGT). CGT is normally charged at a flat rate of 20% on the amount of ‘profit’ or ‘gain’. You will usually be liable to CGT where you sell or dispose of a

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Responding to a court judgement

05/11/2020

In today’s precarious business environment many companies are unable to pay their debts. If this happens, your creditors can ultimately apply to the court to get their debts paid. This can be done either by getting a court judgement or making an official request for payment (known as a statutory demand). If a court judgement has

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Tax-free perk for Christmas

05/11/2020

If you are an employer and looking to give a small Christmas bonus to your employees, then your best option is probably to give them a gift. In order to ensure that this is not a taxable gift, it is important to ensure that the trivial benefits in kind (BiK) rules apply. There is no tax to pay on trivial benefits in kind (BiK) provided

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Contributions towards capital expenditure

05/11/2020

A wide variety of grants or subsidies are available to businesses and can be received in addition to their ordinary business income. It is important to identify these contributions and to establish whether they are capital or revenue in nature. Funding which facilitates capital expenditure, such as new premises or machinery, is normally

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Sale of income in exchange for capital amount

05/11/2020

A capital sum received by an individual in respect of the sale or relinquishment of income derived from their personal activities can sometimes be treated as earned income and chargeable to Income Tax. If this is the case, the amount charged to Income Tax is not also charged to Capital Gains Tax. The following conditions must all be

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Registration of partnerships with HMRC

05/11/2020

A Partnership is a relatively simple way for two or more persons (or legal entities) to set up and run a business together with a view to profit. Partnerships can take many forms. Legal persons other than individuals can also be partners in a partnership. There are two main types of partnership, a conventional one with two or more

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